As sperm problems affect around 40% of couples with infertility, it is important to do a semen analysis to identify any issues. After 2-5 days of abstinence, the male partner can provide a semen sample collected through masturbation into a sterile cup. This can be done at home if the couple lives within 30 minutes of the clinic. Alternatively, a collection room can be available. Usually collection is done via masturbation; however, a 'collection condom' can be used to collect sperm during intercourse. The semen analysis will give information about sperm numbers, the percentage of sperm moving, and the percentage of sperm that look 'normal' in shape. Certain treatments are not successful with low numbers of moving sperm, so this is important information for your fertility specialist to have.
The above tests are commonly done for couples having problems with fertility. Your doctor will let you know if there are further tests to consider for your specific situation. After basic testing, the next step will typically be a consult visit with your doctor to determine the best approach to get you closer to your goal of growing your family!