Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your fertility specialist to see the inside of the uterus (womb). Hysteroscopy procedure may be used for either diagnosis or treatment. A diagnostic Hysteroscopy takes only a few minutes and can sometimes be performed in the practice's procedure room.
A Hysteroscopy for the treatment of a certain medical condition is usually performed under a general anesthetic in the practice.
The hysteroscope, which is similar to a narrow telescope, is inserted through the opening (cervix) into the uterine cavity. Sometimes the cervix may need to be grasped to steady the uterus and a local anesthetic may be used. Carbon dioxide gas or liquid is introduced to separate the walls of the uterus to make space so that the inside of the uterus to be seen. At the end of the procedure a sample of the lining of the uterus (endometrium) may be taken and sent for pathology examination.
Some reasons for a hysteroscopy
- To investigate infertility
- To investigate heavy or irregular periods
- To investigate bleeding after menopause
- To investigate recurrent miscarriage
- To find intra uterine devices
- To remove or cauterize the lining the womb in a procedure called an endometrial ablation
- To remove fibroids or polyps
- To remove difficult intra uterine devices
- To cut intra uterine adhesions